Google Chrome is a great browser with a huge number of plug-in. I think I dont need to advertise more for Chrome since it already has a huge popularity nowadays.
Last week, one question raised from my head “How can I install and use Google Chrome browser via Docker?” and this question got stuck inside me for a quite time. Let me explain my scenario a little bit about the reason of this question.
I want to have the second Chrome installed in my computer. Searching around does not give me any positive results.
I want to have the safe browsing. Some examples are testing new interesting plug-ins of Chrome or checking some websites.
All of the requirements are satisfied by Docker but running GUI apps via Docker is quite tough task. After searching around, I have found the instruction of Jessie Frazelle. She created some Dockerfile for the easy of using Chrome via Docker. I follow her guide with some modification to be able to run in my computer.
TL;DR: Install image using her Dockerfile and run
docker run -it --net host --cpuset-cpus 0 -v /tmp/.X11-unix:/tmp/.X11-unix -e DISPLAY -v $HOME/Downloads:/root/Downloads --name chrome --cap-add=SYS_ADMIN jess/chrome
Below are step by step guide and some explanation
Pull her Dockerfile and create and image in our machine
docker pull jess/chrome.
Run the docker run command above to open Chrome. Notice that I have changed some arguments from the original recommendation of Jessie.
- To overcome the error
Failed to move to new namespace: PID namespaces supported, Network namespace supported, but failed: errno = Operation not permitted, we need to add
--cap-add=SYS_ADMINto assign some admin capacities for docker containers to control the host machine. There are a little documents about this docker option. I am not sure if it makes any harms for the host machine but from the discussion here, we can trust this option over
- I use
-e DISPLAYinstead of
-e DISPLAY=unix$DISPLAYsince docker is intelligent enough to automatically select our current display and make use. In her setting, the
unix$DISPLAYis a little bit unique for her computer. To check the X display, you can use
xauth listto see if it matches the default setting. If not match, we usually get the error
- To overcome the error
No protocol specified (google-chrome:1): Gtk-WARNING **: cannot open display: unix:0
That is all. Hura, now we can use the second Chrome in our computer within docker.